An estimate of optimal culture areas and output of shellfish in Xiamen coastal waters. Ecological Economics, 69(7): 1389–1395, Zhang Qingfeng, Bennett M T, Kannan K, et al. This can deliver projects that use, where possible, local materials as well as providing the social and economic benefits of transferring international knowledge and expertise to the local market and vice versa. London: Butterworth-Heinemann, 448, Tan Saichun, Shi Guangyu. The economic value of wetland services: a meta-analysis. Please try refreshing the page. Also, better estimates of maintenance costs and the additional services and benefits (including coastal access, fish production, carbon sequestration) or lack thereof, for both artificial and nature-based defences are required when evaluating the overall costs and benefits of a restoration project that includes coastal protection as an objective. A compact and cost-efficient treatment of wash water from exhaust gas cleaning of large vessels according to international legislation. Biodiversity Research Report of China (in Chinese). Coastal communities were hardest hit, with an estimated $7.4 billion fall in GDP across Small Island Developing States due to the decline in tourism. Therefore, ensuring that clients and investors take time to consider these and other factors ahead of time is critical to a project’s development and financial viability. Acta Ecologica Sinica (in Chinese), 30(1): 5914–5924, Wang Jing, Xu Min, Zhang Yiming, et al. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13131-017-1016-0, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in Elements of Marine Ecology: An Introductory Course. 2004. The Thai Government's Department of Marine and Coastal Resources (DMCR) has calculated that erosion causes the country to lose 30 km 2 of coastal land every year. They cover more than two-thirds of the earth’s surface and contain 97% of the planet’s water. Beijing: Chinese Academy of Forestry, Chen Zhenghua, Pan Delu, Bai Yan. 2014. Remote sensing for ocean primary productivity and its spatio-temporal variability in the China seas. Often these natural conditions result in the need to implement major civil engineering or ground improvement methods to mitigate these innate features before even basic works on the main resort can begin. Part of Springer Nature. Evaluating flood resilience strategies for coastal megacities. Climate change: Protect the world’s deltas. Clients and investors looking at remote locations in the Middle East need to consider a number of factors and trends. Retention effect of wetland for nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients in the coastal zone of the Yancheng. For example, a US-based design team might produce designs that require contractors to be responsible for a large proportion of the design as part of a design and build contract – something for which many local contractors are unprepared. It has been stated that there has been over a 35% increase in the population of people living on the coasts since 1995. Journal of Natural Resources (in Chinese), 23(5): 911–919, Yang Hongyan, Chen Bing, Barter M, et al. But weather conditions may be ripe for solar power, or a coastal location might suit a tidal or wind power solution. Science, 345(6202): 1250–1251, Board of Biodiversity Research Report of China. 1999. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 25(3): 341–351, Peng Benrong, Hong Huasheng, Chen Weiqi, et al. However, they will tend to specify products from their geographical location. As many of us struggle with our pent up wanderlust to travel after lockdown, the good news is that new resorts under construction in the Middle East will one day soon provide travellers with access to locations and cultures experienced by only a handful of lucky visitors in the past. 2006. Oceans contribute to poverty eradication by creating sustainable livelihoods and decent work. 2014. The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. Rethinking China’s new great wall. Coastal development linked to human settlements, industry, aquaculture, and infrastructure can cause severe impacts on near shore ecosystems, particularly coral reefs. 2011. Consulting environmental impacts at every stage of the planning and design process is vital to prevent proposals being rejected on environmental grounds. Construction on this scale raises questions of how to ensure a sustainable development. 2006. Economic development and coastal ecosystem change in China. The results indicate that the ecological cost of the new land reclamation is US$971.9 million from 2000 to 2010 and that the cost will be US$702.1 million from 2010 to 2020. 2006. First, let's define sustainable development. 11: Sustainable cities and communities Increase in average global flood losses in coastal cities to USD 1 trillion per year with constant spending on flood defences (Hallegatte et al., 2013) - Improve land-use planning -Increase investment in ecosystem based and traditional coastal defences - Adopt improved building standards Google Scholar, Barbier E B. We’re sorry, something doesn't seem to be working properly. Implementation of the Ayeyarwady Coastal Region Development Project, an expressway connecting Ayeyarwady Region and Rakhine State listed under the Myanmar Project Bank, will start from this fiscal year, according to the Ministry of Construction. And Design Institute Limited, Ou Weixin, Yang Guishan, Gao Jianhua, He Qiang, M... 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