[105] The battalion was rested and brought back up to strength in India, where it spent the remainder of the war, and saw no further action. back badge with slider to reverse . After the village was captured the battalion pushed on to Leuze Wood, nearly 1 mile (1.6 km) east of Guillemont, completing an advance of 3,500 yards (3,200 m) by 95th Brigade during the battle. Each man in the battalion received two bottles of beer on liberation of the fort's cellar. The Gloucestershire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army. If it is required that we shall stay here, in spite of this, we shall continue to hold. The newly formed Gloucestershire Regiment went on to serve in the Second Boer War (1899 to 1902) and two World Wars. [114], On reverting to the infantry role, the 10th Battalion was assigned to the 72nd Brigade in the 36th Infantry Division. Accordingly a platoon and Lt. Duncan's machine-gun section went into the line alongside the Coldstream Guards at the Kruiseecke crossroads on the Menin road 1 mile (1.6 km) south east of Gheluvelt. In the latter half of the 20th century, the regiment was reduced to a single regular battalion and completed tours of duty around the world, including Germany, Africa, the Caribbean, Central America and the Middle East, as well as in Northern Ireland during The Troubles. measuring 5cm x 4.3cm . The division was destined for Burma, and thus the battalion "having been trained as infantry, tank troops, and combined-operations troops, went straight into jungle warfare, for which we had had no training". [38] The allies planned to attack northeast on a line between Ypres and Nieuport, drive the weakened German III Corps against the coast, and wheel right to take the rest of the German Sixth Army in the flank and rear. [61], The 9th Battalion was formed in Bristol in September 1914 and reached France in September 1915 as part of the 78th Brigade in the 26th Division. [3] The regiment was further restructured following the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 – part of the Haldane Reforms which converted the militia and volunteer auxiliary battalions into the Special Reserve and the Territorial Force – and at the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 the Gloucestershire Regiment comprised: During the course of the war the regiment raised an additional 18 battalions. Daniell pp. The Soldiers of Gloucestershire Museum is a registered charity. [142] The Glosters fought through the night of 24–25 April, during which the peak was briefly occupied by the Chinese, thus threatening the Glosters' whole position on the hill. [61][62], In the Battle of Loos (25 September–8 October 1915) the British First Army attacked between Grenay and Givenchy in support of the French Tenth Army attack further south against Vimy (the Third Battle of Artois). [71], Before dawn on 30 June, during the Battle of the Boar's Head (30 June 1916), the pioneers of 13th Battalion supported the 116th Brigade attack on a German salient south of Neuve Chapelle known as the Boar's Head. That morning, with Chinese forces infiltrating miles behind the lines, UN forces began to withdraw to Line Delta. Regimental Ties, regimental Socks, regimental Watch Straps, regimental Cufflinks and Blazer Badges, Military Watches, regimental Braces, Belts, regimental Umbrellas, Army Berets, Royal Navy Ties, Royal Air Force Ties and regimental gifts for regiments including PWRR, Royal Gurkha Rifles, Royal Anglian Regiment… Later the same month, during the Battle of Pozières, the battalion made two unsuccessful attacks against the German line east of the village which together cost it 374 casualties, among whom were Carton de Wiart and his successor, Major Lord A.G. Thynne, both wounded. [106], On its return to the UK, the 5th Battalion was brought back up to strength and manned coastal defences in Cornwall. Daniell pp. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Gloucestershire Regiment Back Cap Badge at the best online prices at eBay! For his stubborn defence Wetherall was awarded the MC. [19][20] The reforms also added the county's auxiliary forces to the regiment's establishment, and at its formation it thus comprised two regular, two militia and two volunteer battalions: The Gloucestershire Regiment inherited from the 28th Regiment the privilege of wearing the back badge. D Company advanced to within 300 yards (270 m) of the original front line on the Kruiseecke road, where they helped rally the remnants of the Guards there, but found themselves otherwise alone facing enemy both to the north and east. Just 63 men made it. [72], The 13th Battalion was raised in December 1914 at Malvern by Sir Henry Webb and recruited from the miners of the Forest of Dean, South Wales and the Durham coalfields. [111], It had been agreed in November that the British Fourth Army would take over the French Sixth Army's positions between Peronne and Roye south of the Somme, and by February 1917 the territorials of 1/4th and 1/6th were in the front line north of Barleux, with 1/5th in reserve at Flaucourt. [136], Lieutenant-Colonel Carne to Brigadier BrodieAfternoon of 24 April 1951Hill 235[137], At 23:00 on 23 April, the Chinese resumed their attack, throwing the fresh 189th Division against the Glosters' B and C Companies around Hill 314. Centurion tanks and men of the Gloucestershire Regiment advancing to attack Hill 327 in Korea. The Battle of Fromelles (19–20 July) was not part of the Somme offensive, but was designed to draw German troops away from there. The battalion lost about 130 men this day, but "...had a good fight; all ranks were overjoyed when the time came to meet the attackers with the bullet, thus to get their own back, not only for the shelling that they had endured earlier in the day, but also for the never-forgotten 9th of May". Helena. [87][88] Four awards of the VC were made to men serving with the regiment during the war, along with 47 Distinguished Service Orders (DSO), 188 Distinguished Conduct Medals (DCM), 265 Military Crosses (MC) and 747 Military Medals (MM). Through the night the men of B Company, led by Major Edgar Harding and outnumbered 18:1, endured six assaults, calling in artillery on their own position to break up the last of them. It spearheaded the assault on Le Havre eight days later, and it was the first British unit to enter the city's fort, on 12 September, capturing 1,500 prisoners and much beer for the loss during the battle of 40 men killed and wounded. The territorial battalions lost 2,542 men killed and received 60 battle honours, and the New Army battalions suffered 3,954 deaths and won 84 battle honours. Again the sources give no figures for casualties, though a search using the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. The memorial stands at the foot of Gloster Hill beside the Seolmacheon stream, the initial location of the Gloucestershire Regiment's headquarters during the battle at Imjin River. Two of the three platoon leaders were killed and the third wounded, and with 51 casualties amongst the other ranks, Rising's group came close to being overwhelmed. He was advised that reinforcements, comprising tanks of the 8th Hussars and Philippine 10th Battalion Combat Team and the troops of the Glosters' own rear echelon, were being sent up route 5Y. The archives of soldiers where applicable are also listed on the web site. It was built by units of the British and South Korean armed forces as a memorial to the Gloucestershire Regiment and C Troop, 170th Mortar Battery, Royal Artillery. The Germans probed the town the next day and began assaulting it on 27 May. The first issue appeared on 12 April 1915 and foreshadowed more famous trench journals such as The Wipers Times. They had not discovered, however, that behind III Corps the Germans had assembled the Fourth Army, consisting of four fresh corps, and were themselves planning to attack, and the opposing forces clashed in the First Battle of Ypres (19 October - 22 November 1914). The Soldiers of Gloucestershire Museum is located in Gloucester’s Historic Docks. The battalion saw action in the Battle of Normandy: at Tilly-sur-Seulles on 11 June during Operation Perch; along the Saint-Germain d'Ectot ridge on 30 July during Operation Bluecoat; and at Thury-Harcourt on 12 August in the prelude to Operation Tractable. [151], While the Korean War continued, the regiment was engaged in more ceremonial affairs at home. [143], The Glosters' stand had plugged a large gap in the 29th Brigade's front on Line Kansas which would otherwise have left the flanks of the ROK 1st and US 3rd Divisions vulnerable. [156], The following were awarded the Victoria Cross, Britain's highest award for bravery, while serving with the Gloucestershire Regiment:[161][162], Daniel Burges, a temporary Lieutenant-Colonel in the Gloucestershire Regiment, was awarded the VC during the First World War while commanding the 7th Battalion South Wales Borderers. [69] 1st Battalion returned to the area on 5 October when they occupied the trenches in a chalk pit just behind Bois Hugo, now in enemy hands. [149][150], The battalion's strength on 26 April was 119 men, mostly rear echelon troops who had been part of the relief effort but not otherwise involved in the battle. Marshall, who served in both The 3rd Volunteer Battalion & The 6th Territorial Battalion of The Gloucestershire Regiment. The third engagement of the battle, the Battle of Frezenberg Ridge, began 8 May when three Germans Corps attacked the salient in an arc across the Menin road from northeast to southeast. It sailed to the island of Lemnos in June 1915 as part of the 39th Brigade in the 13th (Western) Division[41] and went into the line at Gallipoli the next month. Accounts of C Company's action at Hill 314 during the night of 23/24 April are contradictory. The battalion's last significant action of the war came on 12 April, when it assaulted across the River Ijssel at Arnhem, after which the rest of the 56th Brigade passed through to capture the town itself. The battalion saw its last action of the war supporting the 26th Indian Brigade attack at Myitson on the River Shweli, during which D Company was cut off for five days before the rest of the battalion was able to link up with it on 16 February. As they took up an alternative position on the nearby Tchrengula Hill the pack-mules bolted, taking most of the heavy weaponry and ammunition with them. In 1815, a staff officer witnessed the regiment marching out to Quatre Bras "having their number both in front and rear of their low caps—a memorial of Egypt." Complete with Silver Plated Cap Badge & Buttons. Their first significant experience of battle came during the Somme offensive; on 16 July, during the Battle of Bazentin, the 1/4th Battalion fought north of Ovillers, and the 1/5th and 1/6th Battalions went into action in the same area on 20 and 21 July respectively. It was relieved in November and returned to a tumultuous welcome at Southampton on 20 December. in good used condition . 1st Battalion The Gloucestershire Regiment advancing, North West Frontier, 1897. Inspired by actions of its forefathers, the Regiment wore the sphinx on the back of the head-dress, an honour descended from the Glosters. By nightfall the situation was stabilised, and all battalions of the brigade were congratulated on their successful defence by the Commander-in-Chief and Corps commander. The new regiment maintained the back badge tradition, and when it was in turn amalgamated in 2007, it passed the tradition on to its successor regiment, The Rifles, who wear the back badge with their ceremonial uniform. The POWs were also welcomed back to great fanfare following their release in 1953. Only the two regular battalions remained with the regiment at the war's end, though the territorial 5th Battalion was returned to the colours on 1 March 1947 and assigned to the 129th Infantry Brigade of the 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division. During the war an additional 18 battalions were raised. In the mid-18th century, county militias were raised for home defence and as a pool of reserves for the regular army. The Battle of Imjin River saw 866 … He had no choice but to leave the wounded, estimated at some 100. Company C was in reserve near Hill 314, overlooking battalion headquarters (HQ) and Support Company at Solma-Ri. In 1917, the 1st Division was allocated to Operation Hush, and when that was cancelled the 10th battalion moved to the Ypres area. [118][119], The regiment accrued 20 different battle honours and lost 870 men killed in the nine battalions that had served under its colours during the Second World War. The 28th and 61st Regiments both fought in Spain and Portugal during the Peninsular War. It suffered its first casualties at Landrecies on 26 August 1914 during the retreat from Mons, and sustained further losses in September during the First Battle of the Aisne. [53] In March and April 1917, the three battalions saw action in the advance to the Hindenburg Line south of the Somme. [59][60] The attack was an unmitigated disaster for the British. The battalion fought in the Battle of Paardeberg, a nine-day battle which ended on 27 February with the capture of the Boer general Piet Cronjé and his force of some 4,000 men. £10.00 ... £100.00 . The Glosters' 14th Battalion went into the line at the northern end of the wood, and on 19 July it suffered 107 casualties.[84][85]. [154][155] The Glosters paraded for the last time on 26 March 1994 in Gloucester. The 9th and 10th Battalions were also raised, the former serving in Northern Ireland, the latter in south Wales and then Lincolnshire. [21][22], The two battalions continued to refer to themselves by their former regimental numbers until they were merged in 1948, when the Gloucestershire Regiment became a single-battalion regiment. [51] Meanwhile, the 1/5th Battalion was transferred in September 1918 to the 75th Brigade of the 25th Division and returned to France. [114] 8th Battalion spent the rest of 1916 out of the line at Gézaincourt, Beauval, and Bayencourt, with spells in the trenches around Hébuterne and Courcelles in January and February 1917. The Gloster's 1st Battalion was assigned to the reserve and tasked with continuing the advance to Rue de Marais once the assaulting battalions had taken their objectives. In July, the division was allocated to Operation Hush, a planned seaborne invasion that was later cancelled, and the only significant action the 1st Battalion saw in 1917 was in November, on the last day of the Second Battle of Passchendaele. [91][92] The following year, the 5th Battalion became the regiment's sole territorial unit when the 4th Battalion was converted to the 66th (Gloucesters) Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery (RA), and the 6th Battalion converted to the 44th Battalion, Royal Tank Regiment. In July 1916, XVI Corps took over the line of the River Struma, and for the next two years the battalion was involved in operations along the Struma valley, from November 1916 as part of the 82nd Brigade. The first record of official recognition appears in an 1830 letter from the, In September 1916 Harvey's work was published as a collection in its own right, titled. Although the Glosters stopped many in front of their trenches, some 60 enemy succeeded in infiltrating into Givenchy, behind the Glosters' positions. The loss of the F echelon position meant that the battalion was now cut off. Officers badge very good condition 2 lugs present maker marked. [94] On the 1/4th's right, 1/6th Battalion was engaged in two days of fierce fighting before finally subduing the enemy and securing the flank on the morning of 23 July. Awarded posthumously for actions during the First World War; James Power Carne – 1st Battalion. 186–187. [46], On 28 October 1st Battalion was notified that it may be called on as a reserve by 1st Brigade. [36] By the time the BEF moved to Ypres in mid-October, total casualties to the battalion in the fighting along the river Aisne had risen to 150 officers and men. [117] At the end of August, 14th Battalion went with 35th Division to the Third Army on the Arras front, and in February 1917 they were transferred again, to the Fourth Army to relieve the French 154th Division around Chaulnes and Chilly, over 8 miles (13 km) southwest of Barleux. Awarded for actions during the Korean War; Philip Curtis – attached to the 1st Battalion from the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry. The regimental depot moved to Gloucester in 1940. It inherited the unique distinction in the British Army of wearing a badge on the back of its headdress as w… I passed him on his way down – though hit in seven places, his courage was wonderful. [104] At the same time, the Japanese halted operations in Burma. As the Germans fell back to the Aisne, the Anglo-French forces went over to the offensive, and on 13 September 1st Division began crossing the river, their objective being the Chemin des Dames ridge in the area of Cerny and Courtecon. Casualties to the battalion this day numbered 7 officers and 158 other ranks. [83], On 14 July 18th Division had captured Trônes Wood, some 2.5 miles (4.0 km) southeast of Bazentin le Petit Wood, and four days later the bantam 35th Division relieved it. Beret / Cap / Gloucestershire Regiment Front; Gloucestershire Regiment Front. Two other nicknames associated with the new regiment were inherited from the 61st Regiment; The Flowers of Toulouse, from the scarlet uniforms of that regiment's many dead in the Battle of Toulouse, and The Silver-Tailed Dandies, from the silver decorations on the longer-than-normal coat tails of the 61st Regiment's uniform. The stand at Ledringham had cost the battalion 87 killed, and when it reassembled in the UK it was 400 strong. In the afternoon 1st Battalion was ordered to make a flanking attack on the Germans who were still holding up 2nd Brigade's advance, but the enemy surrendered before the Glosters could get into position, and the battalion advanced instead to Bois Hugo, in the south east corner of the salient now formed by the British attack. As a measure of the fighting that engulfed the whole brigade, the, 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot, 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot, Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment, 1st (City of Bristol) Volunteer Battalion, 7th (Service) Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment, 12th (Service) Battalion, Gloucestershire Regiment (Bristol's Own), Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, 66th (Gloucesters) Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery, 118th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, Battle honours of the British and Imperial Armies, "Bragg's Regiment and the 28th Foot – Soldier of Gloucestershire", "The Creation of the 61st Regiment of Foot – Soldier of Gloucestershire", "North and South Gloucestershire – Soldier of Gloucestershire", "The Battle of Alexandria – Soldier of Gloucestershire", "The Gloucestershire Regiment – Soldier of Gloucestershire", "The Siege of Ladysmith – Soldier of Gloucestershire", "Regulars and Volunteers in the Boer War – Soldier of Gloucestershire", "Outbreak of First World War – Soldiers of Gloucestershire", "The Gloucesters on the Somme – Soldiers of Gloucestershire", "Outbreak of First World War – Soldier of Gloucestershire", "The Fifth Gloucester Gazette a chronicle, serious and humorous, of the Battalion while serving with the British Expeditionary Force", "The muse in arms, a collection of war poems, for the most part written in the field of action", "The Hindenburg Line & Third Ypres – Soldier of Gloucestershire", "Cassel and Ledringhem – Soldiers of Gloucestershire", "Front Line Frankie & Vinegar Joe – Soldiers of Gloucestershire", "The End of the War in South-East Asia – Soldiers of Gloucestershire", "Heroic last stand of the Glosters – Battle of Imjin River", "The Trials and Release of the P.O.Ws – Imjin River", "Supplement to the London Gazette, 8 December 1953", "28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot", "61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot", The Official Website of the Gloucestershire Regimental Association, The Regimental Museum – The Soldiers of Gloucestershire, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gloucestershire_Regiment&oldid=990465508, Military units and formations established in 1881, Military units and formations of the United Kingdom in the Korean War, Regiments of the British Army in World War II, Regiments of the British Army in World War I, Military units and formations in Gloucestershire, Military units and formations disestablished in 1994, 1881 establishments in the United Kingdom, Military units and formations in Burma in World War II, Recipients of the Presidential Unit Citation (United States), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ramillies, Louisburg, Guadaloupe 1759, Quebec 1759, Martinique 1762, Havannah, St Lucia 1778, Corunna, Barrosa, Albuhera, Vittoria, Waterloo, Alma, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Maida, Talavera, Busaco, Salamanca, Chillianwallah, Goojerat, Punjaub, Delhi 1857, Egypt, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes, Toulouse, Peninsula, A badge of the Reconnaissance Corps with years '1944–1945' and scroll 'North-West Europe', 1st Battalion – formerly the 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot, 2nd Battalion – formerly the 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot, 3rd (Militia) Battalion – formerly the Royal South Gloucestershire Militia, 4th (Militia) Battalion – formerly the Royal North Gloucestershire Militia, 2nd Battalion – deployed to Tianjin, China, 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion – formerly 3rd (Militia) Battalion, 1st Battalion – stationed around Rangoon in Burma. 1st Battalion sustained 264 casualties this day - 11 officers and 253 other ranks. [83][84][85], All second-line territorial and New Army battalions had been disbanded and the regiment returned to its pre-war establishment by the end of 1919. Later that day B Company twice took the hill, both times being forced back by heavy artillery fire which cost it some 30 casualties. Amongst the fallen was the Fifth Gloster Gazette editor Lieutenant Cyril Winterbotham. [129][130] There was a two-mile (three-kilometre) gap between the Glosters and the 1st Battalion Royal Northumberland Fusiliers on their right, and on their left the 12th Regiment of the South Korean (ROK) 1st Infantry Division was one mile (two kilometres) away. When a German counter-attack pushed the British from the east end of the village and killed or wounded all the other 57th Brigade commanders, the commander of 8th Battalion Gloucestershire Regiment, Lieutenant-Colonel Adrian Carton de Wiart, assumed control of their commands. The 2nd Battalion suffered 678 casualties at Cassel, 484 of them POWs. The survivors split into small groups and attempted to evade the Chinese surrounding them to reach friendly lines. Lieutenant Philip Curtis, attached from the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, was posthumously awarded the VC for his actions during the attempt to retake Castle Hill. I asked him how he felt & he said with a smile "There is some lead in me which ought not to be there & I am afraid I have done in your tunic. The regiment also participated in the British contribution to NATO in Germany, serving three tours with the British Army of the Rhine and two with the British garrison in Berlin, and between 1968 and 1991 it completed seven tours in Northern Ireland during The Troubles, in which it lost five men killed. After the war it was republished as a compilation titled The Fifth Gloucester Gazette a chronicle, serious and humorous, of the Battalion while serving with the British Expeditionary Force. The Korean War accounted for 113 fatalities among the Glosters, 36 of them in captivity. [57], The 8th Battalion was raised in Bristol in September 1914. To their right, 1st Division, with 1st and 10th Battalions, took up positions south of Barleux. We hope to increase the size of our database with names of soldiers from … of the Gloucestershire Regiment . Their situation had become critical when the 1st Battalion Coldstream Guards was forced back, exposing the Glosters' left flank. The division's 58th Brigade had captured the western half of the village on 2 July, and the 8th Battalion North Staffordshire Regiment and 10th Battalion Worcestershire Regiment, both of the 57th Brigade, assisted in the capture of the rest of the village the next day. The colours, carrying more battle honours than any other regiment of the line, were then marched to the Soldiers of Gloucestershire Museum, and the regiment followed the 28th and 61st Regiments of Foot into history. Call 01676 525 840 for availability and to check the current price so we can place a back order | Add to Compare; Quick Overview. B Company had followed behind D, then turned right to advance on Kruiseecke, but were stopped 800 yards (730 m) east of Gheluvelt. It rejoined the division in the middle of April and fought in the unsuccessful attempt to lift the siege of Kut. At the time of the amalgamation on 29 April 1994, the Regiment comprised the 1st Battalion, all the Army Cadet Force (ACF) in Gloucestershire and Wiltshire, the majority of the ACF in Berkshire and a large proportion of (what was then) Avon. In a subsequent battle near Padigong, 5 miles (8 km) from Paungde, D Company became isolated for 17 hours and had to fight its way back to the battalion at Shwedaung. The Glosters' 2/4th and 2/6th were the assault battalions of 183rd Brigade, in the centre of 61st Division's front, and J.D.Wyatt, a company commander in the 2/4th, witnessed the moment the Glosters commenced their assault on 19 July: Attacking Companies had started to go over the parapet when the bombardment lifted and were met immediately by a very heavy machine gun fire. In the early hours of 12 May Captain Vicary conducted a lone reconnaissance of a small hill that overlooked the British lines and which had been lost the previous day. Three of them, the 11th, 15th and 16th, were home-based reserve battalions which later transferred to the Training Reserve. Wyrall states that the 10th Battalion lost all but some 60 men. A search using the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Completely surrounded, with our lack of weapons there was only one thing to do. Finding his route back blocked by the enemy he made a dash for it, only to trip over a wounded German officer, whom he then dragged back to the British lines. It was sent to India in October where, in March 1943, it converted back to infantry and reverted to the regiment's 10th Battalion. It converted to a reconnaissance role in June 1941, eventually becoming the 43rd (Wessex) Reconnaissance Regiment, and from October it ceased to have any affiliation with the Gloucestershire Regiment. For their actions, 2nd Lieutenant Watkins of C Company was awarded the Military Cross (MC), and Privates Orr and Law of D Company were awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM), the first such awards to the regiment in the war. Additionally, as volunteers answered Kitchener's call to arms, ten New Army battalions, the 7th to the 16th, were added to the regiment's establishment between 1914 and 1916. It spent the next 15 months mostly on defensive and garrison duties and was disbanded in September 1919. As a result, the Gloucestershire Regiment was amalgamated with the Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment to form the Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment. The regiment added 4 new battle honours to its colours: "Defence of Ladysmith"; "Relief of Kimberley"; "Paardeberg"; and "South Africa, 1899–1902"; the last of which was also awarded to the 1st and 2nd Volunteer Battalions.[31]. The territorials were under no obligation themselves to serve overseas, but could volunteer to do so, and when at the beginning of the war they did, second-line battalions were formed from the men who declined, or were too young or too old, to go. It saw its first significant action of the war on 7 and 8 March at the Taukkyan Roadblock, and for the rest of the month operated independently to cover the retreat, fighting battles at Letpadan on 17 March and Paungde on 27 March. They endured snow and frost, and when a thaw set in the water damaged the parapets, at one stage making it necessary to sap forward and dig new trenches in front of the original line. The battalion had lost 7 officers and 160 other ranks. Between 11–18 October the BEF moved from the Aisne and slotted into the allied left flank in the area between St. Omer and Bethune, on the right of the French Tenth Army. [70] The Battle of Loos ended on 13 October, and in total accounted for 324 casualties of all ranks in 1st Battalion. [138][e] With the Glosters' position still vital to the integrity of Line Kansas, Carne received orders at 07:00 on 24 April from the 3rd Division commander, General Soule, to stand his ground. c.1900 - 1908. A counter-attack towards Gheluvelt by 1st Battalion broke down into a series of disconnected company actions. The Gloucestershire Regiment. On the first day of the battle, UN forces fell back to Line Kansas, but both the Koreans and the British were already on Line Kansas, and did not have as much leeway to fall back. In August, the battalion attempted to force a bridgehead across a stream in Nieppe Forest, west of Merville, and fought on 1 September during the advance to the River Lys. [125][c] Company A held Castle Hill (Hill 148) overlooking the ford, D Company was at Hill 182, 1,500 yards (1,400 m) to the south-east, and B Company was at Hill 144, to the east of D Company. The 28th Regiment, whose time in India was shorter and less eventful, was meanwhile deployed to the Crimea and added "Alma", "Inkerman" and "Sevastopol" to its legacy. [37][38] The battalion saw action again in September and October on the Hindenburg Line in the Battles of Épehy and St Quentin Canal. Somer Force held out for two days, eventually attempting to withdraw under orders on the evening of 29 May, but few made it to Dunkirk. 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