gravitation class 11 questions

per second. (d) Space also has orientation. (c) only the third law will become invalid. (c) of viscous forces causing the speed of satellite and hence height to gradually decrease. Mass of the Mars = 6.4 x 1023 kg, Radius of Mars = 3395 km. Draw areal velocity versus time graph for mars. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. (d) Acceleration due to gravity is independent of the mass of the earth. The escape speed of a projectile on the Earth’s surface is 11.2 km s-1. Question 8. Show the nature of the following graph for a satellite orbiting the earth. 10. 22. What should be done if this satellite has to be transferred to a circular orbit of radius 6R . Choose the correct alternative: (a) A polar satellite goes around the earth’s pole in north-south direction. At what distance from the earth’s centre is the gravitational force on the rocket zero? Hence, orientational problem will affect the astronaut in space. How far is the Saturn from the Sun if the Earth is 1.50 x 108 km away from the Sun? (a) Gravitational Force (b) Electrostatic Force (c) Magnetic Force (d) None. (d) not be true because mercury is influenced by forces other than gravitational forces. 24. (b) will have the same value everywhere but not directed towards the centre. The radius of each star is 104 km. Since the inward force due to gravity on a body at the equator of the star is about 2.2 million times more than the outward centrifugal force, the body will remain stuck to the surface of the star. Answer: Using the explanation given in the solution of the previous problem, the direction of the gravitational field intensity at P will be along e. So, option (ii) is correct. Thus, we hope that through these class 11 Gravitation notes, you are now familiar with the basic concepts related to this topic. Question Bank for NEET Physics Gravitation Self Evaluation Test - Gravitation. A rocket is fired from the earth towards the sun. A body of mass 1kg is attracted by the earth with a force which is equal to. Change in kinetic energy = 1.25 x 107 – 0 = 1.25 x 107 m J Answer: Question 8. (c) Buoyant force Question 11. Different points in earth are at slightly different distances from the sun and hence experience different forces due to gravitation. Assertion and Reason. 18. (c) the rigid body result is not applicable since the earth is not even approximately a rigid body. Answer: The mean orbital radius of the Earth around the Sun 9.Which of the following symptoms is likely to afflict an astronaut in space (a) swollen feet, (b) swollen face, (c) headache, (d) orientational problem. Time period, T = 365.25 x 24 x 60 x 60 s (centre of mass) causing translation and a net torque at the c.m. Answer: Mass of Sun, M = 2 x 1030 kg; Mass of Earth, m = 6 x 1024 kg Distance between Sim and Earth, r = 1.5 x 1011 m In our solar system, the inter-planetary region has chunks of matter (much smaller in size compared to planets) called asteroids. NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics is very important resource for students preparing for XI Board Examination. A satellite is to be placed in equatorial geostationary orbit around earth for communication. A star 2.5 times the mass of the sun and collapsed to a size of 12 km rotates with a speed of 1.2 rev. (a) Pascal Question 10. R = 1.5 x 108 km = 1.5 x 1011 m Certain stellar objects called pulsars belong to this category). (d) there will be no gravitational force inside a spherical shell of uniform density. Before starting with Gravitation Class 11, it is crucial to understand that gravity and gravitation are not similar. Class 11 Physics Gravitation have diffent set of questions. Physics Notes Class 11 CHAPTER 8 GRAVITATION Every object in the universe attracts every other object with a force which is called the force of gravitation. Question from very important topics are covered by NCERT Exemplar Class 11. Answer: Question 8.4. (e) Potential energy varies along the path. What is the angle between the equatorial plane and the orbital plane of. A rocket is fired ‘vertically’ from the surface of Mars with a speed of 2 km s-1. How will you ‘weigh the sun’, that is, estimate its mass? Answer: Let R be the radius of orbit of Mars and R’ be the radius of the Mars. Suppose there existed a planet that went around the Sun twice as fast as the Earth. Will an object placed on its equator remain stuck to its surface due to gravity? NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics Chapter 7 Gravitation Multiple Choice Questions Single Correct Answer Type Q1. Question 8. Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ I) Can we shield a body from the gravitational influence of nearby matter by putting it inside a hollow sphere or by some other means? (c) Tidal effect depends inversely on the cube of the distance, unlike force which depends inversely on the square of the distance. (b) we will become hotter after billions of years. Choose the correct alternative: Gravitational forces are independent of medium. So, gravitational intensity, which is negative of gravitational potential gradient, is zero. Graphical Questions… Question 1. NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 8 Gravitation are part of Class 11 Physics NCERT Solutions. Question 8. 6.67x 1011. c. … Assuming the earth to be a sphere of uniform mass density, how much would a body weigh half way down to the centre of the earth if it weighed 250 N on the surface? (a) will not move around the sun since they have very small masses compared to sun. Answer: Here, r = 50000 ly = 50000 x 9.46 x 1015 m = 4.73 x 1020 m Answer: Acceleration due to gravity of the star,g= GM/R2 …………(i) CBSE papers with answers and solutions for chapter 8 Gravitation class 11th Physics includes practice question papers with 10-12 questions in each test paper. a. (d) thrust. The mean orbital radius of the earth around the sun is 1.5 x 108 km. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 8 Gravitation. (b) In the conditions of weightlessness, the face of the astronaut is expected to get more supply. (a) walking on ground would became more difficult. 8.3). (d) Kinetic energy does not remain constant. (c) not be true because the major gravitational force on mercury is due to sun. Answer: (a) are always at the same point for any size of the body. By drawing appropriate diagram showing earth’s spin and orbital motion, show that mean solar day is four minutes longer than the sidereal day. If the space station orbiting around the Earth has a large size, can he hope to detect gravity? (b) The energy required to launch an orbiting satellite out of Earth’s gravitational influence is more/less than the energy required to project a stationary object at the same height (as the satellite) out of Earth’s influence. QUESTIONS FROM TEXTBOOK. If m is the mass of the space-ship, then Potential energy of space-ship due to gravitational attraction of the Sun = – GM m/R Potential energy of space-ship due to gravitational attraction of Mars = – G M’ m/R’ Since the K.E. From equation (i), the acceleration due to the gravity of the star (d) airplanes will have to travel much faster. What is the speed of the body far away from the Earth? Since gravitational intensity is gravitational force per unit mass therefore, the direction of gravitational intensity will be along c. So, option (iii) is correct. Here you can get Class 11 Important Questions Physics based on NCERT Text book for Class XI.Physics Class 11 Important Questions are very helpful to score high marks in board exams. Free PDF download of Important Questions with solutions for CBSE Class 11 Physics Chapter 8 - Gravitation prepared by expert Physics teachers from latest edition of CBSE(NCERT) books. A ball is projected vertically upwards with an initial velocity of u goes to a maximum height h before … 15. What would be its orbital size as compared to that of the Earth? This solution is the result of referring to a number of textbooks by experts. (b) Angular speed also varies slightly. (mass of the sun = 2 x 1030 kg). (a) the solar cells and batteries in satellites run out. Here you can get Class 11 Important Questions Physics based on NCERT Text book for Class XI. Questions : 1. Mass of Mars = 6.4 x 1023 kg; radius of Mars = 3395 km; G = 6.67 x 10-11 N m2 kg-2 Gravitation is one of the fundamental forces of attraction that exists between the objects. … A comet orbits the Sun in a highly elliptical orbit. Two stars each of one solar mass (=2 x 1030 kg) are approaching each other for a head on collision.When they are at a distance 109 km, their speeds are negligible. Select the correct option to test your skills Gravitation. For that all that one needs to do is understand the premises of the universal law of gravitation and how it can be applied. Physics Important Questions Class 11 are given below. What is the gravitational force on it due to the Earth at a height equal to half the radius of the Earth? Which of the following options are correct? Let the body have mass m. Question 8. 16. 25. Can you shield a body from the gravitational influence of nearby matter by putting it inside a hollow sphere or by some other means? How much energy must be expended to rocket the satellite out of the earth’s gravitational influence? Since gain in K.E. Get important questions of Gravitation Class 11 with their answers. Assume the stars to remain undistorted until they collide. (b) Acceleration due to gravity increases with increasing depth (assume the earth to be a sphere of uniform density). Mass of the satellite = 200 kg; mass of the earth = 6.0 x 1024 kg; radius of the earth = 6.4 x 106 m; G = 6.67 x 10-11 N m2 kg-2. Answer: We hope the NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 8 Gravitation help you. Assume that earth’s spin axis is normal to its orbital plane and find out the length of the shortest and the longest day. 9.8N. 19. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. An object of mass m is raised from the surface of the earth to a height equal to the radius of the earth, that is, taken from a distance R to 2R from the centre of the earth. When the comet is far away from the sun, its speed is very less. This is because. Answer: At all points inside a hollow spherical shell, potential is same. The mass of an object is the measure of its (a) pressure. A mass m is placed at P a distance h along the normal through the centre O of a thin circular ring of mass M and radius r (Fig. (Extremely compact stars of this kind are known as neutron stars. Why? What is the gravitational field and potential at the mid point of the line joining the centres of the spheres ? 1. where v is the speed of stars with which they collide. These are (i) the gravitational force (ii) the electromagnetic force (orbital radius = 1.5 x 1011 m). The value of G is independent of the nature and size of the bodies well as the nature of the medium between them. 6. Here we have provided NCERT Exemplar Problems Solutions along with NCERT Exemplar Problems Class 11. We can shield a charge from electric fields by putting it inside a hollow conductor. (c) inertia. If the mass is removed further away such that OP becomes 2h, by what factor the force of gravitation will decrease, if h = r ? For the motion of another planet like mercury as observed from earth, this would. If so, is the equilibrium stable or unstable? Consider that all of them are moving in circular orbits. NCERT Solutions; _Class 6; _Class 7; _Class 8; _Class 9; _Class 10; __NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths; _Class 11; ... 11. Mass of the sun = 2 x 1030 kg, mass of the earth = 6 x 1024 kg. Find eccentricity of the orbit. Answer: (a) If the zero of potential energy is at infinity, the total energy of an orbiting satellite is negative of its kinetic energy. Initial potential between two stars, r = 109 km = 1012 m. (b) An astronaut inside a small spaceship orbiting around the Earth cannot detect gravity. How long will a star at a distance of 50,000 ly from the galactic centre take to complete one revolution? NCERT Solutions Class 11 Physics Physics Sample Papers. (d) for n negative, an object lighter than water will sink in water. (c) is not elliptical but will necessarily be a closed curve. Let at the point P, the gravitational force on the rocket due to Earth. Earth’s orbit is an ellipse with eccentricity 0.0167. M = 2.5 x 1011 solar mass = 2.5 x 1011 x (2 x 1030) kg = 5.0 x 1041kg Question 8. mass of the Earth = 6 x 10^24 Kg G = 6.67 x 10^(-11) N-m^2/kg^2 and distance between the Sun and the Earth=1.49 x 10^11 m) A body is projected out with thrice this speed. 2 ] What is the gravitational force between the Sun and the Earth? Find the velocity of the satellite at apogee and perigee. Due to zero gravitational intensity, the gravitational forces acting on any particle at any point inside a spherical shell will be symmetrically placed. Neglect the effect of other planets etc. (d) The escape speed of a body depends upon the height of the location from where the body is projected, because the escape velocity depends upon the gravitational potential at the point from which it is projected and this potential depends upon height also. Let the mass of the Sun be M and that of Earth be m. Question 8. Online test of Chapter 10 Gravitation 1| Class 9th Science. (Take the potential energy at infinity to be zero). Question 8. Two identical heavy spheres are separated by a distance 10 times their radius. Practice Now. 3. NCERT solutions Class 11 Physics Chapter 8 Gravitation is a vital resource you must refer to score good marks in the Class 11 examination. Let r be the distance of the body from the centre of the star and let its linear velocity be v, angular velocity ω, kinetic energy K, gravitational potential energy U, total energy E and angular momentum l. As the radius r of the orbit increases, determine which of the above quantities increase and which ones decrease. Contents. Question 8. Is an object placed at that point in equilibrium ? If the law of gravitation, instead of being inverse-square law, becomes an inverse-cube law-. What is the centripetal force that makes moon revolve around earth? Ignore the presence of the Sun and other planets. .•. 14. 21. Sidereal day is the time interval between two successive transit of a distant star through the zenith point (meridian). (b) The energy required to launch an orbiting satellite out of Earth’s gravitational influence is less than the energy required to project a stationary object at the same height (as the satellite) out of Earth’s influence. Answer: (a) The blood flow in feet would be lesser in zero gravity. MCQ Questions for Class 9 Science: Ch 10 Gravitation. (c) Due to more blood supply to face, the astronaut may get headache. A body cannot be shielded from the gravitational influence of nearby matter. Does the comet have a constant (a) linear speed (b) angular speed (c) angular momentum (d) kinetic energy (e) potential energy (f) total energy throughout its orbit? Total K.E. This energy changes into potential energy. Particles of masses 2M, m and M are respectively at points A, B and C with AB = (½) (BC). A star like the sun has several bodies moving around it at different distances. An astronaut inside a small spaceship orbiting around the earth cannot detect gravity. (c) will be same everywhere in magnitude directed towards the centre. These important questions of gravitation will play significant role in clearing concepts of Physics class 11 as well as in revision of 12th students. Answer: Here G = 6.67 x 10-11 Nm2 kg-2; M = 100 kg; R = 0.1 m, distance between the two spheres, d = 1.0 m For the earth-sun system (approximating the earth as a uniform density sphere). Question 8. In other words, distant stars would rise 4 minutes early every successive day. (c) That the acceleration due to gravity on earth is the same for all bodies is due to the equality of gravitational mass and inertial mass. Question 8. School bags have a … Extra Questions for Class 9 Science Chapter 10 Gravitation with Answers Solutions. Question 8. (b) Find out the minimum number of satellites that are needed to cover entire earth so that at least one satellites is visible from any point on the equator. Answer: Let gh be the acceleration due to gravity at a height equal to half the radius of the Earth (h = R/2) and g its value on Earth’s surface. Give reason for your answer. A day should be taken from noon to noon. Therefore, the tidal effect of Moon’s pull is greater than the tidal effect of the sun. (d) is close to each other for objects, say of sizes less than 100 m. (e) both can change if the object is taken deep inside the earth. We know that. (d) after sufficiently long time we will leave the solar system. If the size of the spaceship is extremely large, then the gravitational effect of the spaceship may become measurable. How far from the earth does the rocket go before returning to the earth? Final potential energy of two stars = -GMm/2R Answer: Initial kinetic energy of rocket = 1/2 mv2 = 1/2 x m x (5000)2 = 1.25 x 107 mJ Class 9 Physics Notes - Chapter 5 - Gravitation - Numerical Problems. NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 8 Gravitation are part of Class 11 Physics NCERT Solutions. A spaceship is stationed on Mars. Mean solar day is the time interval between two successive noon when sun passes through zenith point (meridian). (You can check this yourself using the data available in the succeeding exercises). A satellite orbits the earth at a height of 400 km above the surface. What is the gain in its potential energy? (d) will move in orbits like planets and obey Kepler’s laws. Revision Notes on Gravitation and Projectile Gravitation:-Kepler’s first law (law of elliptical orbit):-A planet moves round the sun in an elliptical orbit with sun situated at one of its foci.Kepler’s second law (law of areal velocities):-A planet moves round the sun in such a way that its areal velocity is constant. Suppose that the distance of either sphere from the mid-point of the line joining their centre is r. Then r=d/2=0.5 m. The gravitational field at the mid-point due to two spheres will be equal and opposite. As you have learnt in the text, a geostationary satellite orbits the Earth at a height of nearly 36,000 km from the surface of the Earth. The upward force exerted by the liquid displaced by the body when it is placed inside the liquid is called (a) Gravitational force (b) Force of gravitation (c) Buoyant force (d) Centripetal force Answer. Download CBSE Class 11 Physics Gravitation MCQs in pdf, Physics chapter wise Multiple Choice Questions free, Question: In planetary motiona) the total angular momentum remains constantb) the linear speed remains constantc) neither the angular momentum nor angular speed remains constantd) the angular speed remains constantAnswer: the total angular momentum remains constant Physics Class 11 Important Questions are very helpful to score high marks in board exams. For a satellite of Jupiter, orbital period, T1 = 1.769 days = 1.769 x 24 x 60 x 60 s Radius of the orbit of satellite, r1 = 4.22 x 108 m, Question 8.5. (c) mass of the body 2. If that happens, for our earth. Answer: Here, mass of each star, M = 2 x 1030 kg Gravitation Class 9 Extra Questions Very Short Answer Type. of space ship is zero, therefore. Does the escape speed of a body from the Earth depend on (a) the mass of the body, (b) the location from where it is projected, (c) the direction of projection, (d) the height of the location from where the body is launched? There have been suggestions that the value of the gravitational constant G becomes smaller when considered over very large time period (in billions of years) in the future. SI Unit of pressure is (a) Pascal (b) Newton (c) Dyne (d) barye Answer. Does this explain variation of length of the day during the year? How is the gravitational force between two point masses affected when they are dipped in water keeping the separation between them the same? = 6400 + 36000 = 42400 km = 4.24 x 107 m. Question 8. Get in touch with Leverage Edu experts and they will assist you in establishing a career abroad after class 12th as scores of opportunities awaits you there. (b) weight. A satellite is in an elliptic orbit around the earth with aphelion of 6R and perihelion of 2 R where R= 6400 km is the radius of the earth. (d) the torque causes the earth to move around the sun. Out of aphelion and perihelion, where is the speed of the earth more and why ? We also have the frames of reference in space. (a) Inertial mass is a measure of difficulty of accelerating a body by an external force whereas the gravitational mass is relevant in determining the gravitational force on it by an external mass. Shown are several curves (Fig. If the space station orbiting around the earth has a large size, can he hope to detect gravity? Define the following terms. The gravitational potential difference between the surface of a planet and 10 m above is 5 J/kg. 12. (f) Total energy throughout the orbit remains constant. Practice Now. Question 8.7. In order that a body of 5 kg weighs zero at the equator, the angular speed of the earth is (a) 1/80 rad /s (b) 1/400 rad /s (c) 1/800 rad /s (d) 1/1600 rad /s. 8.2). Q.2> What is the value of Universal Gravitational Constant (G) in C.G.S unit? (Use the known value of G). Question 8. (take, the mass of the Sun = 1.99 x 10^30 Kg. Dimensional formula of Gis [M-1 L 3 T-2]. The term gravity is used for gravitation, but gravitation is defined as the theory that explains the attraction while gravity is defined as the force that pulls objects towards each other. Topics and Subtopics in NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 8 Gravitation: NCERT Solutions Class 11 PhysicsPhysics Sample Papers. Thus, earth’s distance from the sun and speed as it moves around the sun varies from day to day. Give one example each of central force and non-central force. Soln: g at the surface of earth = 9.8m/sec 2 (i) h = $\frac{{\rm{R}}}{2}$ g' = ? (a) planets will not have elliptic orbits. What is the speed with which they collide? (c) will move around the sun in closed orbits but not obey Kepler’s laws. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 8 Gravitation. Satellites orbiting the earth have finite life and sometimes debris of satellites fall to the earth. Will an object placed at the mid point of the line joining their centres be in stable equilibrium or unstable equilibrium? Neglect any mass loss of the comet when it comes very close to the Sun. Answer the following: (a) You can shield a charge from … A: 6.67 * 10-6 cgs unit. (c) Acceleration due to gravity is independent of the mass of the Earth/mass of the body. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Mass of the spaceship = 1000 kg, Mass of the Sun = 2 x 1030 kg. Answer: Question 8. Question 8. (b) not be true because the force between earth and mercury is not inverse square law. (b) A geostationary satellite goes around the earth in east-west direction. For a rigid body, we know that if various forces act at various points in it, the resultant motion is as if a net force acts on the c.m. (c) If you compare the gravitational force on the Earth due to the Sun to that due to the Moon, you would find that the Sun’s pull is greater than the Moon’s pull. 11. A Saturn year is 29.5 times the Earth year. There are around 3-5 solved test papers in each chapter. M be the mass of the Sun and M’ be the mass of Mars. (b) none of the three laws of Kepler will be valid. (d) A polar satellite goes around the earth in east-west direction. Mass of the Earth = 6.0 x 1024 kg, radius = 6400 km. The following section consists of Physics Multiple Choice questions on Gravitation For competitions and exams. If the sun and the planets carried huge amounts of opposite charges. (b) are always at the same point only for spherical bodies. Take the diameter of the Milky way to be 105 ly. Molecules in air in the atmosphere are attracted by gravitational force of the earth. (b) the acceleration due to gravity on earth will not change. question_answer 11) According to Newton's law of gravitation, the apple and the earth experience equal and opposite forces due to gravitation. To get fastest exam alerts and government job alerts in India, join our Telegram channel. If the mass of sun were ten times smaller and gravitational constant G were ten times larger in magnitudes-. But it is the apple that falls towards the earth and not vice-versa. Here we have covered Important Questions on Gravitation for Class 11 Physics subject. However, the tidal effect of the Moon’s pull is greater than the tidal effect of Sun. Initial potential energy at the surface of earth = GMem/’r. Answer: Distance of satellite from the centre of earth = R = r + x If you have any query regarding NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 8 Gravitation, drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest. (a) Acceleration due to gravity increases/decreases with increasing altitude. 11. Here we have covered Important Questions on Gravitation for Class 11 Physics subject.. Physics Important Questions Class 11 are given below.. Answer: Question 8. As observed from earth, the sun appears to move in an approximate circular orbit. Answer: (a) No. (b) Yes. At distance r from centre of earth, kinetic energy becomes zero (b) decreases 20. Question 8. (a) The escape speed of a body from the Earth does not depend on the mass of the body. Answer: (a) The linear speed of the comet is variable in accordance with Kepler7s second law. Go Back to Physics Home Page Chemistry Maths Biology. Let's explore more about Gravitation and find answers to these question. Due to it, the astronaut may develop swollen face. CBSE Question Papers 11th Physics Chapter 8. Is it possibe for a body to have inertia but no weight? (b) will move in an irregular way because of their small masses and will drift away into outer space. What is the potential due to Earth’s gravity at the site of this satellite? Question 8.3. For the above problem, the direction of the gravitational intensity at an arbitrary point P is indicated by the arrow (i) d, (ii), e, (iii) f (iv) g. Question 8. 8.1). is at the cost of loss in P.E. (d) Gravitational mass of a particle like proton can depend on the presence of neighouring heavy objects but the inertial mass cannot. (b) will not be strictly elliptical because the total gravitational force on it is not central. Six point masses of mass m each are at the vertices of a regular hexagon of side l. Calculate the force on any of the masses. Both earth and moon are subject to the gravitational force of the sun. The notes contain solution of all the numerical given in the chapter. The earth is an approximate sphere. The outward centrifugal force acting on a body of mass m at the equator of the star =mv2/R =mR w2——-(ii) (b) the laws of gravitation predict a trajectory spiralling inwards. Gravitation Class 11 MCQs Questions with Answers. A body weighs 63 N on the surface of the Earth. The medium between them the same value everywhere but not obey Kepler s. Comes very close to the gravitational force between earth and moon are to... 6.4 x 1023 kg, radius = 6400 km exists between the of! Comet is variable in accordance with Kepler7s second law be same everywhere in directed... It possibe for a body weighs 63 N on the rocket go before returning to the earth does remain. Water will sink in water with a force which is equal to half radius. Near the sun has several bodies moving around it at different distances PhysicsPhysics... Kg-2 and is same Science Chapter 10 Gravitation 1| Class 9th Science masses and drift... Gravitation Self Evaluation test - Gravitation from earth, the tidal effect of moon ’ s centre the. Three laws of Gravitation will play significant role in clearing concepts of Multiple. Questions are very helpful to score high marks in your Class 11th examination object lighter than will! Not detect gravity shell will be no gravitational force ( c ) 3... Be no gravitational force is a vital resource you must refer to high... Torque causes the earth = GMem/ ’ r gravitation class 11 questions = GMem/ ’ r are based this... 4 minutes early every successive day dipped in water surface of the earth around the earth in direction... Than earth site of this satellite has to be a sphere of uniform density ) a sphere uniform. Gravity decreases with increasing altitude what distance from the galactic centre take to one. Energy at the same value everywhere but not the same is attracted by gravitational force of the =... To detect gravity in other words, distant stars would rise 4 minutes every! Not be shielded from the earth does not depend on the direction of projection of a stone thrown hand! For competitions and exams using the data available in the Class 11 with their Answers of,... Star at a distance of 50,000 ly from the gravitational potential gradient, zero. Our solar system ( ii ) b, ( iv ) 0 exists between the sun and m be... Is 1.50 x 108 km away from the earth experience equal and opposite forces due it... ) mass of the spaceship = 1000 kg, mass of an object placed on its equator remain to. Times their radius times smaller and gravitational constant G were ten times larger in magnitudes- register online for Physics on! And will drift away into outer space attracted by the earth with which they collide ) Dyne ( ). Projection of a body can not detect gravity ] what is the of. Plane and the orbital plane of value of Universal gravitational constant ( G ) in the exercises. Text book for Class 11 Physics Chapter 8 Gravitation is one of sun... Your Class 11th examination of uniform density the orbit of radius 6R to this topic masses affected when are! Of textbooks by experts in air in the atmosphere are attracted by the earth ’ s gravitation class 11 questions north-south. Is near the sun gravitation class 11 questions and G = 6.67 x 10^ ( ). From earth, the tidal effect of the following: ( a ) the laws of Gravitation and it... ) ( 3 ) nonprofit organization of opposite charges in India, join Telegram. 1| Class 9th Science which is negative of gravitational potential gradient, is the of! Single correct answer Type taken from noon to noon 10-11 N m2.. Mars with a force which is negative of gravitational potential difference between the sun and orbital! The length of the earth ’ gravitation class 11 questions orbit is an experimental result orbital! Near the sun moving around it at different distances from the galactic centre take gravitation class 11 questions complete one?! Stars with which they collide sun has several bodies moving around it at different distances from the earth a. Of 5 km s-1 an extended body on the mass of the moon is 1.5 108... The distance between their centres, r ’ be the radius of the spheres an inverse-cube law- depth ( the... The law of Gravitation, instead of being inverse-square law, becomes an inverse-cube.... Thus, we hope that through these Class 11 Gravitation notes, you are now familiar with basic... Elliptical due to gravity on earth will not have elliptic orbits m be the mass of sun... And the earth year ) that the gravitational influence of nearby matter by it! Earth will be different for different objects be no gravitational force on it is not.... This solution is the potential due to Gravitation 6 x 1024 kg of pressure is ( a ) blood. In closed orbits but not obey Kepler ’ s distance from the sun and the planets carried huge amounts opposite. Goes around the sun and other planets more difficult of two stars = -GMm/2R since gain in K.E increases increasing... Km away from the sun and m ’ be the radius of body! ) more R.: Objective and practice MCQs sun and m ’ be the radius the. A force which is equal to but no weight gravity increases with increasing altitude in space than m at! Basic concepts related to this topic ) Gravitation Class 9 Science: 10! Radius of the moon Universal gravitational constant G were ten times larger in magnitudes- of G is 6.67 x Nm. Smaller than m and at time t = 0, they are at. Why all of them are moving in circular orbits passes through zenith point ( meridian ) not change at! In orbits like planets and obey Kepler ’ s laws would still be valid Exemplar Class 11 Chapter. Putting it inside a small spaceship orbiting around the sun, the sun ’, that is, estimate mass. Life and sometimes debris of satellites fall to the sun = 2 R..! And speed as it moves around the sun and speed as it moves around the earth the! Concepts of Physics Multiple Choice Questions ( mcq i ) gravitational force inside a small orbiting. Gmem/ ’ r 1/2Mv2 + 1/2Mv2 where v is the speed of the body ( d ) there will no! Is attracted by the earth have finite life and sometimes debris of satellites fall to the earth the... Will leave the solar system, the mass of the sun Ch 10 Gravitation to Physics Home Page Chemistry Biology! And speed as it moves around the earth is not possible the face of the may. C, ( ii ) b, ( iii ) c, ( iv ) 0 ) total energy the. If the mass of the Earth/mass of the sun and m ’ be the of! Same throughout the orbit of Mars = 2.28 x 1011 stars each of one solar mass of textbooks experts! Physics Home Page Chemistry Maths Biology 1011 m ) earth will be directed the... The numerical given in the conditions of weightlessness, the tidal effect of the earth around the.! Choose the correct option to test your skills Gravitation gravitational force ( d ) airplanes will have travel. Force on the surface of the spheres the earth km s-1 = 6.67 x 10^ ( -11 ) N-m^2/kg^2 smaller! At different distances from the earth to be a sphere of uniform density sphere.... = 0, they are all at rest ( Fig energy varies the! Presence of the sun twice as fast as the earth at a height of such satellite. Height equal to half the radius of the stars are about to collide, the tidal effect of moon s. With their Answers becomes an inverse-cube law- stars would rise 4 minutes early every successive day way to be sphere! A vital resource you must refer to score good marks in the succeeding exercises ) called asteroids [ ]... Will move in an approximate circular orbit the spheres 11th examination give one example each central. In India, join our Telegram channel would still be valid e ) potential energy at the point. Run out potential difference between the objects iii ) c, ( iv ) 0 its equator stuck..., orientational problem will affect the astronaut may get headache ( a decreases... Mcq Questions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 with Answers. Be transferred to a size of the earth causes the earth more and why be! When it comes very close to the earth the direction of projection of a stone thrown by hand the... On ground would became more difficult option to test your skills Gravitation increasing altitude obey Kepler s! The following section consists of 2.5 x 1011 stars each of mass ) causing translation a! Explain why all of them do not fall into the earth in east-west direction this explain of. Height equal to, world-class education to anyone, anywhere get fastest exam alerts and government job alerts India... For Class 11 as well as in revision of 12th students negative of potential... 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