It grows in a clumpy form from 3 to 9 feet tall, with light blue-green leaf blades, and an open panicle seed head. Samson, R., 2007. Switchgrass, Panicum virgatum, is the most productive and commonly talked about native, warm season grass being considered as a feedstock for alternative fuels and sustainable fiber.There are a number of studies claiming significant energy returns using Switchgrass as a solid fuel in the form of switchgrass pellets or as a feedstock for cellulosic ethanol. Switchgrass varieties fall into two forms: lowland cultivars, which generally produce more biomass, and upland cultivars, which are preferred for northern areas due to their higher cold tolerance. Most native grasses do best when planted in the fall, between Oct. 15th and Nov. 15th. Tall panic grass, tall prairiegrass, thatchgrass, Close Relatives: Other Panicum species, proso millet, foxtail millet, Uses and Markets: Industrial (fibre, biocomposites, paper, bioenergy), animal feed and bedding. Only 20 left in stock - order soon. Two harvests possible if used as a forage crop. Images. With a wide range of products for your home lawn, cottage, park / playground, sports field and roadside, Speare Seeds is pleased to offer grass seeds that are 99.9% weed-free. Approximate seeds per lb: 259,000 Seeding Rate: Expect to apply about 8 lb per acre. In Southern Ontario farmers are achieving dry matter yields of 7-12 t/ha (3 to 5 tonnes per acre). This warm season bunch forming grass produces attractive conical seed heads which turn a golden brown in fall. Evaluation of Nitrogen Fertilization in C4 Grasses Grown for Bioenergy, Report on Literature Review of Agronomic Practices for Energy Crop Production under Ontario Conditions, Switchgrass Production in Ontario: A Management Guide, Planting and Managing Switchgrass as a Dedicated Energy Crop. Welcome to the Ontario Grasses, Sedges & Rushes website Your "online field guide" to Ontario's grasses, sedges and rushes: This website is all about grasses, sedges & rushes that grow in Ontario (Canada). It is most commonly found in prairie lowlands, but will grow under wide range of climatic conditions. Switchgrass has numerous roots reaching to 10 feet deep, as well as underground rhizomes making it … Switchgrass is a warm-season perennial bunchgrass native to much of the United States. Avoid the use of supplemental fertilizer as this encourages weeds at the expense of the native plants. 550 seed/gram. Switchgrass - Cave-in-Rock (Panicum virgatum), Seed Packet, True Native Seed 3.2 out of 5 stars 15. Switchgrass also provided good habitat and protection for upland game birds such as pheasant, quail, and grouse. This Ontario native grass is used in pasture, for erosion control, in wildlife plantings and as an ornamental grass. Perennial Farm Marketplace Panicum v. switchgrass; little bluestem May need to be ground and densified for the biofuels market. Weed control will likely be necessary during the first one to two years as weeds will compete with establishing plants.To date the following pests have been the most significant in Ontario: rust. Switchgrass Seeds 8085 (Panicum virgatum). Prior to European settlement, it grew widely across Midwestern US, and was the primary species of the tallgrass prairie. Switchgrass, a warm season, vigorous perennial can be found growing throughout the United States. There are few to no pest control products registered on this crop. The stem is round, hollow, and usually, has a reddish tint. Title: Biomass Heat in Ontario-A Pioneer In Making it Happen Author: Ian D. McDonald Created Date: 2/15/2011 1:13:44 PM The crop reaches it's full potential in the third year. Switchgrass bales will be processed into biomass fuel pellets. Click here for phosphorus and potassium application guidelines and for more information on specialty crop fertility. native tall grass prairie; switchgrass; big bluestem; little bluestem; Indian grass; William Dam Seed Company: 279 Hwy 8 Dundas, ON L9H 5E1 Tel: 905-628-6641 Fax: 905-627-1729 Email: info@damseeds.com. Our new Turf Genius® line guarantees you 100% certified seed … 9 kg/ha pure live seed (~570,000 seeds/kg). Hilla Kludze, Bill Deen, and Animesh Dutta. Production Life Cycle in Ontario. High quality grass seed is the foundation of a healthy lawn. Due to its height and deep root system, switchgrass can become dominant over other natives over time. Switch Grass. Pure live seed is a measure of the amount of live seed in a bulk seed lot. Switchgrass Seed. Spring harvest will result in lower yields, but the grass will be of higher quality for combustion. Switchgrass is an important element in any tall prairie grass planting. Wildlife food plot seed, Cover crop seed store in Ohio, Organic seed store in Amish Country Merit Seed. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. The plants grow to 1-2 m. and produce sprays of airy seed heads in the fall. A late fall sowing naturally stratifies any seed that may be dormant. It is also an important biomass plant. Quality Standards & Organic Certification. Seed Availability for 2012. No current Ontario fertility recommendations exist. The seed is utilized by song and game birds. The author would estimate that the best of the warm season grasses, Switchgrass, would only be productive for 4 years in the North Dufferin area of Ontario. Crop can be stored in Ag-bags if not baled. Switchgrass is hardy to Zone 3. This renewable energy is an efficient bioenergy crop. A nurse crop (e.g. At home in almost any soil (except for very wet ones), it serves as an excellent winter and early spring wildlife cover and makes a superb soil stabilizing plant in poor soil sites. Switchgrass is a native, perennial, warm-season, sod-forming tall grass. Lawn seed store No established grades. During the establishment year, native species plantings should be watered when dictated by the weather. Only 5 left in stock - order soon. Switchgrass can be grazed during the growing season, cut and baled as hay in the fall, or, if used for biofuel, cut and windrowed in late fall, and harvested in the spring. Ideal Conditions: Plant 5-6 PLS lbs per acre late May-July or frost seed December-February It grows to a height of 3 to 8 feet tall, depending on the variety. Consider a controlled burn of prairie species where municipal laws permit. Keep in mind should ideal growing conditions not occur, the seed may go dormant and not germinate until the spring of the following year. Since then, the company has become specialized in Forage, Turf, Cover Crops, Silage Corn and Native Seeds. Learning how to plant switchgrass by either frost seeding or using a no till drill, will offer you 2 sure-fire ways … One of the dominant grasses in the tall grass prairie. Quality is determined by the market. It was promoted for its wildlife benefits and all of that years ago. You can grow it from the Rocky Mountains of Canada all the way to the Gulf of Mexico. Switchgrass is used for pasture and makes a good quality hay when mowed prior to seedhead formation. Switchgrass, a warm season, vigorous perennial can be found growing throughout the United States. In 1999, with the owner retiring, General Seed was sold to employees. Research and recommendations from outside Ontario do not necessarily apply to Ontario growing conditions. Switchgrass varieties fall into two forms: lowland cultivars, which generally produce more biomass, and upland cultivars, which are preferred for northern areas due to their … Panicum virgatum, commonly known as switchgrass, is a perennial warm season bunchgrass native to North America, where it occurs naturally from 55°N latitude in Canada southwards into the United States and Mexico.Switchgrass is one of the dominant species of the central North American tallgrass prairie and can be found in remnant prairies, in native grass pastures, and naturalized along roadsides. Video: Ontario Switchgrass Field Day Interview with Don Nott of Clinton, Ontario At the Ontario switchgrass field day, Don Nott is interviewed and discusses biomass markets and his 4th year seed field of RC Big Rock upland switchgrass. Insects and Invertebrates: Grasshoppers, leafhoppers, aphids, stem borers, wireworms, Diseases: Head smut (Tilletia maclagani), viruses (barley yellow dwarf virus, Panicum moasaic virus). Order switchgrass seed for winter and bedding cover from the seed specialist experts at Millborn Seeds. Machine harvest; Standard field-crop equipment including sickle mowers, haybines, and round balers. Switchgrass is easily identified by a small nest of hair where the blades attach to the sheath. Not all of these pests will necessarily survive Ontario’s climate, but could potentially survive in a protected environment (e.g. In order to keep our employees safe, and to keep receiving, shipping, and cleaning seed, we are taking some short-term measures to … This allows nutrients to move back into the roots and leach back into the soil. *Indicates pests commonly mentioned as causing significant damage or economic loss to this crop in other regions. You are only paying for viable seed. This is not a comprehensive list of all potential pests. Although it is very drought tolerant, Switchgrass prefers low, moist ground but can grow on various soil types. When to frost seed, how to frost seed and why to frost seed clover, switchgrass and brassicas can be found in this video. Switchgrass is one of the easiest forms of wildlife cover to plant and if planted correctly, switchgrass can be fully established after only 2 Summers of growth! $84.99. Switch Grass is planted in the spring using a standard seed drill. spring wheat) may promote better stand establishment, reduce weed pressure and provide income during the first year. For more information, consult an OMAFRA specialist. Prices listed are based on pure live seed weight, not bulk weight. When one compares a well managed cool season legume, grass pasture to Switchgrass pasture in this location, the majority of the advantages are with the cool season pasture. A thick stand of Switchgrass makes excellent winter and early spring wildlife cover because of its ability to remain in an upright position when covered with snow or ice. It’s one of the dominant species of the tallgrass prairie, and can grow up to six feet tall. Valuable as livestock forage, wildlife habitat, erosion control and biofuel source. 2-7 . If deficiencies of P and K exist (less than 10 ppm or 22 kg P/ha, less than 90 ppm or 202 kg K/ha), these nutrients can be applied and cultivated into the soil before planting. Many farmers prefer Switchgrass to other varieties of native grasses because of the har… Feel free to contact Don at Switch Energy to discuss your switch grass seed purchases. $8.95. OSC Seeds is the largest wholly Canadian-owned and operated packet seed company, offering a full line of products including over 30 herbs, 250 vegetables, ... From our central facility in Kitchener, Ontario, we can ship from coast to coast across Canada. When used as part of a mix, ensure that the mix consists of not less than 1.0% and not more than 50.0% of the total. Single harvest. Switchgrass Seeds a perennial grass. Do you need to frost seed your food plots or grass plantings this year! Many native plants will not bloom until the second year of growth when grown from seed. The Panicum Virgatum grass, known as the Switch Grass, is native to the Midwestern United States and is most commonly found growing throughout … Switchgreen is a new company seeking producers in Eastern Ontario. Switchgrass produces large seeds on a spangled-type seed head. Small seeded crops require good seed to soil contact and finely prepared seedbeds. Soil moisture should be available for a month after sowing. Serving Ontario, Quebec and the Maritimes, General Seed has been blessed with massive growth and expansion over the … Switchgrass is a perennial, warm-season grass sod forming grass that is native to much of North America. Place your grass seed mix orders online at your convenience. Other Potential Pests: The following pests have not been observed on this crop in Ontario. 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