From there the broad and flat Atlantic Coastal Plain extends inland near 70 miles. Average July temperatures range from the low 70s F (low 20s C) in the highland northwest to the low 80s F (upper 20s C) in the midlands and along the coast. [38][39], There is evidence of human activity in the area about 40,000 years ago. [46] Another cash crop was the indigo plant, a plant source of blue dye, developed by Eliza Lucas. [74] A 2009 statewide poll by the University of South Carolina Institute for Public Service and Policy Research found that 67% of residents had participated in the arts in some form during the past year and on average citizens had participated in the arts 14 times in the previous year. [107], There were 2.6 physicians per 1,000 people compared to the national average of 3.2 physicians. It is bordered by North Carolina on the north, Georgia on the southwest, and the Atlantic Ocean on the southeast. Coastal areas of the state have very mild winters, with high temperatures approaching an average of 60 °F (16 °C) and overnight lows around 40 °F (5–8 °C). All major lakes in South Carolina are man-made. We’re aware that these uncertain times are limiting many aspects of life. The struggle of the civil rights movement took place in South Carolina as they did in other Southern states. According to the South Carolina Arts Commission, creative industries generate $9.2 billion annually and support over 78,000 jobs in the state. Established with five hundred settlers, it was abandoned eight months later by one hundred and fifty survivors. South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution on May 23, 1788. concept for electoral representation at the state level. The pure-blooded white has needed and received a certain infusion of darker blood to give him readiness and purpose. In winter, temperatures generally average 5 to 7°C (40 to 45°F) in inland areas, and 12 to 15ºC (55 to 60°F) by the shore. For example, a man was not eligible to sit in the State House of Representatives unless he possessed an estate of 500 acres of land and 10 Negroes, or at least 150 pounds sterling, diminishing the electorate. During the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), about a third of combat action took place in South Carolina,[49] more than in any other state. Which physical feature is an important source of water for the state that forms part of the border between Georgia and Alabama? In Texas vs. White (1869), the Supreme Court ruled the ordinances of secession (including that of South Carolina) were invalid, and thus those states had never left the Union. The counties lacked representative government until home rule was passed in 1975.[36]. South Carolina was the last state to choose its electors in this manner. The garrison lacked supplies, however, and the soldiers (as in the France Antarctique) soon ran away. [81], Industrial outputs include textile goods, chemical products, paper products, machinery, automobiles, automotive products and tourism. At least one hundred families would be affected to my knowledge. But in the coming decades, the region's changing climate is likely to reduce crop yields, harm livestock, increase the number of unpleasantly hot days, and increase the risk of heat stroke and other heat-related illnesses. Tropical cyclones (hurricanes) are less frequent, but they do in some years cause damage to South Carolina’s coast. The Carolina wren is the state bird of South Carolina. In the Piedmont and Foothills, especially along and north of Interstate 85, measurable snowfall occurs one to three times in most years. Southern separatism in defense of slavery culminated in 1860–61, when 11 Southern states (South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, North Carolina, Virginia, and Tennessee) seceded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America. [61], The 1895 constitution overturned local representative government, reducing the role of the counties to agents of state government, effectively ruled by the General Assembly, through the legislative delegations for each county. Population (2010) 4,625,364; (2019 est.) Under Radical reconstruction (1867–1877), a Republican coalition of freedmen, carpetbaggers and scalawags was in control, supported by Union Army forces. South Carolina is also a top destination for golf and water sports. Studies show that South Carolina is among a string of "Deep South" states that will experience the worst effects of climate change. [52], In the Antebellum period (before the Civil War) the state's economy and population grew. Shaped like an inverted triangle with an east-west base of 285 miles (459 km) and a north-south extent of about 225 miles (360 km), the state is bounded on the north by North Carolina, on the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, and on the southwest by Georgia. The Carolina slave trade, which included both trading and direct raids by colonists,[44]:109 was the largest among the British colonies in North America. The Atlantic Coastal Plain consists of sediments and sedimentary rocks that range in age from Cretaceous to Present. Aynor High School consistently ranks as one of the best schools in Horry County. This status continued until 1973, when the state constitution was amended to provide for home rule for the counties. ( 1989 ) wonders in South Carolina has diverse institutions from large state-funded research universities to small colleges that a... 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