Instr. doi: 10.1111/j.1949-8594.1995.tb15804.x, Jones, B., Ruff, C., and Paretti, M. (2013). The persistence of gendered paths in career choices has recently been reflected in the current Global Gender Gap Report of the World Economic Forum (WEF), which states that on average men are underrepresented in the fields of education, health and welfare whereas women are underrepresented in the STEM fields (WEF, 2017, p. 31). Applying Gottfredson's theory, the significant impact of the gender image of an occupation on the process of career choice was confirmed in a number of studies (Ratschinski, 2009; Bubany and Hansen, 2011). A., Banaji, M. R., and Greenwald, A. G. (2002). Thus, further research on the perception of masculinity of chemistry, math, and physics among school students is needed to gain deeper insight into the impact of the gender stereotypes of science subjects on STEM-career aspirations. On the other end of the spectrum, Washington, D.C. had the smallest gap (6.8%). Finally, a study among secondary school students in Switzerland showed that, among female students, the semantic profile of math and physics correlated negatively with the semantic profile of the female gender, whereas the semantic attributes of chemistry were significantly related neither to the male nor to the female gender. Make the entire academic community responsible for reducing and preventing sexual harassment, ensure transparency and accountability, and support targets of sexual harassment. The student sample was divided into groups, with each group completing the semantic differential for one subject term and for the man term: chemistry and man (n = 406), math and man (n = 512) and physics and man (n = 446). New Mexico and Montana had the largest gender gap in STEM degrees at 22.5% and 22.3%, respectively. Based on Eccles' expectancy-value model, which highlights the impact of culturally based stereotypes and identity-related constructs on educational and occupational choices (Eccles, 1994; Eccles and Wigfield, 2002), a number of studies have shown that academic self-concept and subject interests are among the most relevant determinants in students' selection of secondary school majors (Nagy et al., 2008). If fewer than one in five computer science graduates are women, but the IT field is the future of U.S. industry, the gravity of the situation should become clear. In order to avoid response bias, the semantic differential of the subject was introduced at the beginning of the questionnaire and the semantic differential of the term man at the end of the questionnaire. Finally, Else-Quest et al. The good news is the current wage gap is on average 3%, an improvement in female engineer salaries over years past. With regard to sex, the percentage of female students (54.1%) was somewhat higher than that of male students (45.9%). Bull. In this process, the gender image of an occupation is especially crucial for career choice, because the “wrong” sex type of an occupation is more fundamental to self-concept than the prestige of an occupation or individual interests. The lessons build on one another and cover the origins of the internet, binary code, an introduction to programming languages and coding, deconstructing a computer and other skills. The highest-performing students in maths and science were also asked about their career expectations, with significant differences between girls and boys in the UK. Society and Culture. (2010) suggested that although young children do not have profound knowledge about science subjects, they attribute masculine traits to science at an early age. Gottfredson, L. S. (2002). H.M.G. Psychol. Weinreich-Haste, H. (1981). It explores ways to encourage both male and female learners to consider qualifications and careers that are not typical to their gender. Back to December. “Gendered high school course selection as a precursor of gendered careers: the mediating role of self-concept and intrinsic value,” in Gender and Occupational Outcomes, eds. However, some of the greatest offenders include the fields of physics and chemistry. Student 's self-image correlates with choosing science at school and vice versa by Miller et al and (... As well as for young women ( Grant no the items listed below were by! And gender ( Interactive Tables ), statistics, it ’ s a... Stereotype has existed around the STEM gender gap was the opposite effect and, thus, for young who.: John Wiley and Sons, 71–100 is a general belief that STEM are. N. ( 2018 ), Jelenec, P. H. ( 2014 ): 10.4324/9781315545899 Good! Cognitions another piece of the three subjects has strong masculine connotations, pathways. 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